1) Culture concept:
·Definition: learned and shared behavior
·Classic categories: Kinship, Economics, Education, Politics, Religion, Age
·Scales: nation-region-community; boundaries by age, gender, disability, profession, etc.
2) Semiotic vs Materialist Analysis
·Pierce: a sign is regularity in the communication system linking signifier (a token such as the sound “cat”), and signified (meaning or concept). Saussure: "A sign is not a link between a thing and a name, but between a concept and a sound pattern"
·Marx: material relations (base) determine the social system (superstructure)
3) Common Disciplines in STS
·Structuralism (eg Levi-Strauss; mediation of opposites)
·Psychological anthro (eg M. Mead; cognition/kinship/sex systems)
·Poststructuralism (eg Geertz, Behar—thick description, reflexivity)
·Power relations (eg Weber, Durkheim--Institutions, economics, etc.)
·Symbolic interactionism (G. Mead; meaning between individuals)
·Action research (eg psychologist Kurt Lewin)
·reflexive use of science and technology (eg mathematics, simulation, second order cybernetics, alternative technologies, participatory design).