|Examples:||Australian Aborigines, Eskimo, etc.||Navaho, Hopi, Fulani, etc.||Ancient Egypt, France, U.S., etc.|
|POLITICAL||band societies||tribal societies||state societies|
|KINSHIP||nuclear family||extended family||nuclear family|
|ECONOMY||hunter-gatherer||horticulture, pastoralism||agriculture, industry|
White colonialists often claimed tribal societies were "primitive" because they believed in polytheism and did not have nuclear families. But small scale hunter-gatherer societies also tend to have monotheism and nuclear families, just like large scale state societies. There is no "ladder" of cultural acheivement; the diversity of social forms simply represents the diverse ways in which different cultures meet their needs.